earliest written reference found on Bagua was from Xia period, about
2100-1600 B.C. However, the actual formation of Gua was believed to exist
long before that. Although it
is popularly referred as 'Xia dynasty', in the period of Xia, people were
live as tribes, not kingdoms or countries. During Xia period, there
were the formation of structure in a matriarchy society. Thus, came the
need for order.
The ancient wise people used the most original
and basic binary form of "Yin" and "Yang" to record the events of the
world around them. There are many theories about the reason Yin, the
female symbol is written
Yang, the male symbol, is written like . It
was generally believed that the three Yao (either Yin or Yang) formation
of one Gua is the earliest indication that the ancient Chinese people
realized the difference of the celestial objects, earth and human.
The Yin, Yang and their combination existed for thousands of years before
there was a wisest of all called FuXi (It can be pronounced as 'ph-she'. If you are not a
perfectionist just say 'who? she?') introduced Bagua. Each Gua consists of
three Yao symbol. The Yao symbol can be either Yin or Yang. (read about what is Bagua ) Although the
legend uses "he, him, his ' when they refer to FuXi (ph-she) or as 'father of...',
'king of....' , the archaeologists and historians believe FuXi (ph-she) is a group of
women. This group of women were advisers to the chief of the ancient matriarchy tribe
lived in today's northwest China called FuXi (ph-she).
significance of the creation of Bagua is that each Gua is assigned a specific
direction. It also recognize the character of the individual direction as
the ancient people saw them. It is associated with the world around us in
a more tangible and practical way. However, the directions in FuXi Bagua is not the same
Bagua we are using today.